Periodontal disease is an inflammatory condition caused by bacteria that affects the tissues surrounding the tooth which leads to bone loss and finally tooth loss if left untreated. Periodontal disease is the leading cause for tooth loss among adults.
The first stage of periodontal disease is gingivitis which is mild inflammation of the gums. When left untreated inflammation spreads to the underlying tissues including the jaw bone and due to toxins and the prolonged inflammation bone loss ensues. Deep pockets around the teeth develop and if treatment is not started to stop this process of continued bone loss teeth start to drift and eventually lost. Signs and symptoms of periodontal disease include bleeding gums, bad taste, bad breath and shifting teeth.
Treatment of periodontal disease depends on the stage of the disease and the condition of the teeth and can include:
- Simple cleaning
- Scaling and root planning (Deep cleaning)
- Antibiotic therapy
- Gingival (gum) grafting
During your initial visit a thorough evaluation of the periodontal condition will be completed and the treatment recommended will be discussed in detail.